High blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension is a serious condition in which the force of the blood against the artery wall is very high. It can eventually cause serious health disease such as damage of blood vessel, risk of heart attack, stroke, kidney problem or even death.

Blood pressure is the force of blood exerted in the inside walls of blood vessels. The normal level for blood pressure is below 120/80 and a blood pressure of 140/90 or above is considered hypertension. Having high blood pressure in short amounts of time is normal. However, when the blood pressure stays high most of the time, it can cause serious health problems.

Where there is no specific cause, high blood pressure is referred to by doctors as primary or essential hypertension. Essential hypertension is the term for high blood pressure with unknown cause while primary hypertension is the term for high blood pressure with a known direct cause such as kidney problems, tumors and birth control pills.

There are no exact cause for hypertension but doctors said that there are factors that are causing high blood pressure or hypertension such as smoking, being overweight or obese, lack of physical activity, too much salt in diet, stress, older age, genetics, insufficient calcium, potassium, and magnesium consumption, over consumption of alcohol, vitamin D deficiency, medicines such as birth control pills, kidney disease and tumor.

Sometimes people with hypertension do not show symptoms of the said condition. So it is advisable to undergo high blood screening to know if you have high blood pressure. People with high blood pressure may experience chest pain, nausea, vision problem, fatigue, headache, dizziness, irregular heartbeat, breathing problem and blood in the urine.

Fortunately, high blood pressure can be easily detected these days. Once you know that you have high blood pressure you can treat it medically-see a doctor and take drugs to treat high blood pressure. A change in lifestyle is necessary as well: quit smoking, limit alcohol consumption, exerciseregularlyand have a healthy diet to keep your bp under control.